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Naloxone does not inhibit the attenuation of the response to severe haemorrhage seen after simulated injury in the anaesthetised rat.

Sawdon, M. and Ohnishi, M. and Little, R. A. and Kirkman, E. (2009) 'Naloxone does not inhibit the attenuation of the response to severe haemorrhage seen after simulated injury in the anaesthetised rat.', Experimental physiology., 94 (6). pp. 641-647.

Abstract

Severe haemorrhage leads to a reflex bradycardia and hypotension. This is thought to be protective, but is attenuated by both concomitant musculo-skeletal injury and exogenous morphine. The aim of this study was to determine whether the injury-induced attenuation of the response to severe haemorrhage could be blocked by naloxone. Male Wistar rats, terminally anaesthetised with alphadolone/alphaxalone (19-20 mg.kg-1 I.V.) were randomly allocated to one of four groups; in Groups I and IV haemorrhage was simple (40% of estimated total blood volume (BV)) while in Groups II and III it was initiated 10 min after the onset of bilateral hindlimb ischaemia (a model of musculo-skeletal injury). Groups I and II received 20 L of 0.9% saline intracerebroventricularly (I.C.V.) immediately before haemorrhage, while Groups III and IV received 20 g of naloxone I.C.V., in the same volume. Group I; the bradycardia reached its peak after the loss of 32.80.3% BV (meanS.E.M.). Blood pressure did not fall significantly until the loss of 15.03.0% BV. The response in Group IV was not significantly different from Group I. By contrast the bradycardia was absent after similar blood losses in Groups II and III, while hypotension was attenuated. These results indicate that naloxone, at a dose known to be effective in blocking opioid receptors and preventing other aspects of the response to injury, does not prevent the injury-induced attenuation of the response to severe haemorrhage. Thus the attenuation of the response to blood loss by injury is unlikely to be mediated via the  opioid receptors.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Haemorrhage, Musculo-skeletal injury, Naloxone.
Full text:PDF - Accepted Version (186Kb)
Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1113/expphysiol.2008.045757
Publisher statement:The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com.
Record Created:19 Feb 2009
Last Modified:01 Nov 2011 09:22

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