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A review of trepanations in British antiquity focusing on funerary context to explain their occurrence.

Roberts, C. A. and McKinley, J. (2003) 'A review of trepanations in British antiquity focusing on funerary context to explain their occurrence.', in Trepanation : history—discovery—theory. Lisse: Swets and Zeitlinger, pp. 55-78.

Abstract

This study focuses on the extant evidence for trepanations in Britain and assesses the possible reasons for their occurrence. Sixty-two trepanations are considered, ranging in date from the Neolithic (4,000-2,000 BC) to the post-Medieval (post-sixteenth century AD) periods. The post-Roman/Anglo-Saxon period provided the most numerous evidence (24 or 38.7% of the total), and in 43 cases the reason for the trepanation was not apparent. Almost two thirds of the trepanations had evidence of healing. Consideration of funerary context revealed that only the Iron Age examples, and one Anglo-Saxon individual with a trepanation buried prone in a Roman villa site, might have been the result of a special or ritual act.

Item Type:Book chapter
Additional Information:The first International Colloquium on Cranial Trepanation in Human History held at the University of Birmingham (U.K.) in April 2000.
Keywords:Trepanation, Britain, Prehistoric, Roman, Post-Roman/Anglo-Saxon, Later and post-Medieval, Funerary context.
Full text:Full text not available from this repository.
Publisher Web site:UNSPECIFIED
Record Created:30 Sep 2009 16:50
Last Modified:19 Nov 2009 14:58

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