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Environmental change in moorland landscapes.

Holden, J. and Shotbolt, L. and Bonn, A. and Burt, T. P. and Chapman, P. J. and Dougill, A. J. and Fraser, E. D. G. and Hubacek, K. and Irvine, B. and Kirkby, M. J. and Reed, M. S. and Prell, C. and Stagl, S. and Stringer, L. C. and Turner, A. and Worrall, F. (2007) 'Environmental change in moorland landscapes.', Earth-science reviews., 82 (1-2). pp. 75-100.

Abstract

Moorlands are unique environments found in uplands of the temperate zone including in the UK, New Zealand and Ireland, and in some high altitude tropical zones such as the Andean páramos. Many have been managed through grazing, burning or drainage practices. However, there are a number of other environmental and social factors that are likely to drive changes in management practice over the next few decades. Some moorlands have been severely degraded and in some countries conservation and restoration schemes are being attempted, particularly to revegetate bare soils. Native or non-native woodland planting may increase in some moorland environments while atmospheric deposition of many pollutants may also vary. Moorland environments are very sensitive to changes in management, climate or pollution. This paper reviews how environmental management change, such as changes in grazing or burning practices, may impact upon moorland processes based on existing scientific understanding. It also reviews the impacts of changes in climate and atmospheric deposition chemistry. The paper focuses on the UK moorlands as a case study of moorland landscapes that are in different states of degradation. Future research that is required to improve our understanding of moorland processes is outlined. The paper shows that there is a need for more holistic and spatial approaches to understanding moorland processes and management. There is also a need to develop approaches that combine understanding of interlinked social and natural processes.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Uplands, Moorland ecology, Hydrology, Water quality, Afforestation, Burning, Peatlands, Bogs, Heath, Heather, Grazing.
Full text:Full text not available from this repository.
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2007.01.003
Record Created:19 Apr 2010 17:05
Last Modified:23 Apr 2010 14:15

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