Deegan, F. M. and Troll, V. R. and Freda, C. and Misiti, V. and Chadwick, J. P. and McLeod, C. L. and Davidson, J. P. (2010) 'Magma–carbonate interaction processes and associated CO2 release at Merapi Volcano, Indonesia : insights from experimental petrology.', Journal of petrology., 51 (5). pp. 1027-1051.
There is considerable evidence for ongoing, late-stage interaction between the magmatic system at Merapi volcano, Indonesia, and local crustal carbonate (limestone). Calc-silicate xenoliths within Merapi basaltic-andesite eruptives display textures indicative of intense interaction between magma and crustal carbonate, and Merapi feldspar phenocrysts frequently contain individual crustally contaminated cores and zones. In order to resolve the interaction processes between magma and limestone in detail we have performed a series of time-variable de-carbonation experiments in silicate melt, at magmatic pressure and temperature, using a Merapi basaltic-andesite and local Javanese limestone as starting materials. We have used in-situ analytical methods to determine the elemental and strontium isotope composition of the experimental products and to trace the textural, chemical, and isotopic evolution of carbonate assimilation. The major processes of magmacarbonate interaction identified are: i) rapid decomposition and degassing of carbonate, ii) generation of a Ca-enriched, highly radiogenic strontium contaminant melt, distinct from the starting material composition, iii) intense CO2 vesiculation, particularly within the contaminated zones, iv) physical mingling between the contaminated and unaffected melt domains, and v) chemical mixing between melts. The experiments reproduce many of the features of magmacarbonate interaction observed in the natural Merapi xenoliths and feldspar phenocrysts. The Carich, high 87Sr/86Sr contaminant melt produced in the experiments is considered as a pre-cursor to the Ca-rich (often “hyper-calcic”) phases found in the xenoliths and the contaminated zones in Merapi feldspars. The xenoliths also exhibit micro-vesicular textures which can be linked to the CO2 liberation process seen in the experiments. This study, therefore, provides well-constrained petrological insights into the problem of crustal interaction at Merapi and points toward the substantial impact of such interaction on the volatile budget of the volcano.
|Keywords:||Carbon dioxide, Experimental petrology, Magma–carbonate interaction, Merapi, Strontium isotopes.|
|Full text:||(AM) Accepted Manuscript|
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|Publisher Web site:||http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egq010|
|Publisher statement:||This is a pre-copy-editing author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Journal of petrology following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Deegan, F. M. and Troll, V. R. and Freda, C. and Misiti, V. and Chadwick, J. P. and McLeod, C. L. and Davidson, J. P (2010) 'Magma–carbonate interaction processes and associated CO2 release at Merapi Volcano, Indonesia : insights from experimental petrology.', Journal of petrology., 51 (5). pp. 1027-1051 is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egq010|
|Record Created:||28 Jun 2010 15:20|
|Last Modified:||12 Aug 2015 11:18|
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