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Factors influencing students’ ability to self and peer assess performance.

Finn, G.M. and Sawdon, M. (2010) 'Factors influencing students’ ability to self and peer assess performance.', Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE) Conference 2010 Glasgow, UK, 4-8 Sep 2010.


Background: We demonstrate the phenomenon of ‘incompetent and unaware’ in a real world setting. Summary of work: Medical students (193) participated in a self-assessment exercise, requiring predictions of exam grade in 3 domains; knowledge, skills, and behaviours. The exercise was completed 3 times; immediately after January exams, one week after January exams and immediately after May exams. Feedback on assessment ability was given between January and May. Personality type was correlated with self-assessment ability. Students assessed the Conscientiousness Index (CI) scores of themselves and peers. Summary of results: Failing students over predicted their exam performance. Merit students under assessed performance, and pass students accurately self-assessed. Students’ ability to self-assess was not improved after a week of contemplation. Feedback improved failing students’ ability to self-assess but had no impact upon under-assessing merit students. Students were unable to predict their CI scores, but were able to assess peers’ scores. Ability to self-assess was not related to personality type. Conclusions: Ability to self-assess was consistent across physical skills and cognitive aptitudes, but not attributes (conscientiousness). Take home messages: Failing students can become more self-aware with respect to exam performance if they are given appropriate feedback. Self-awareness is crucial for success; students need more guidance on this.

Item Type:Conference item (Paper)
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Record Created:06 Aug 2010 15:35
Last Modified:17 May 2012 10:01

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