Cookies

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue.


Durham Research Online
You are in:

Memory and the self in autism : a review and theoretical framework.

Lind, S.E. (2010) 'Memory and the self in autism : a review and theoretical framework.', Autism., 14 (5). pp. 430-456.

Abstract

This article reviews research on (a) autobiographical episodic and semantic memory, (b) the self-reference effect, (c) memory for the actions of self versus other (the self-enactment effect), and (d) non-autobiographical episodic memory in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and provides a theoretical framework to account for the bidirectional relationship between memory and the self in ASD. It is argued that individuals with ASD have diminished psychological self-knowledge (as a consequence of diagnostic social and communication impairments), alongside intact physical self-knowledge, resulting in an under-elaborated self-concept. Consequently, individuals with ASD show impaired autobiographical episodic memory and a reduced self-reference effect (which may each rely on psychological aspects of the self-concept) but do not show specific impairments in memory for their own rather than others’ actions (which may rely on physical aspects of the self-concept). However, it is also argued that memory impairments in ASD (e.g., in non-autobiographical episodic memory) may not be entirely accounted for in terms of self-related processes. Other factors, such as deficits in memory binding, may also play a role. Finally, it is argued that deficits in autobiographical episodic memory and future thinking may result in a diminished temporally extended self-concept in ASD.

Item Type:Article
Full text:PDF - Accepted Version (147Kb)
Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361309358700
Publisher statement:The final definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal Autism 14/5, 2010, © SAGE Publications and The National Autistic Society by SAGE Publications Ltd at the Autism page: http://aut.sagepub.com/ on SAGE Journals Online: http://online.sagepub.com/
Record Created:12 Oct 2010 11:05
Last Modified:21 Oct 2011 10:04

Social bookmarking: del.icio.usConnoteaBibSonomyCiteULikeFacebookTwitterExport: EndNote, Zotero | BibTex
Usage statisticsLook up in GoogleScholar | Find in a UK Library