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Domestication alone does not lead to inequality : intergenerational wealth transmission among horticulturalists.

Gurven, M. and Mulder, M. Borgerhoff and Hooper, Paul L. and Kaplan, H. and Quinlan, R. and Sear, R. and Schniter, E. and Rueden, C. von and Bowles, S. and Hertz, T. and Bell, A. (2010) 'Domestication alone does not lead to inequality : intergenerational wealth transmission among horticulturalists.', Current anthropology., 51 (1). pp. 49-64.

Abstract

We present empirical measures of wealth inequality and its intergenerational transmission among four horticulturalist populations. Wealth is construed broadly as embodied somatic and neural capital, including body size, fertility and cultural knowledge, material capital such as land and household wealth, and relational capital in the form of coalitional support and field labor. Wealth inequality is moderate for most forms of wealth, and intergenerational wealth transmission is low for material resources and moderate for embodied and relational wealth. Our analysis suggests that domestication alone does not transform social structure; rather, the presence of scarce, defensible resources may be required before inequality and wealth transmission patterns resemble the familiar pattern in more complex societies. Land ownership based on usufruct and low‐intensity cultivation, especially in the context of other economic activities such as hunting and fishing, is associated with more egalitarian wealth distributions as found among hunter‐gatherers.

Item Type:Article
Full text:PDF - Published Version (433Kb)
Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/648587
Publisher statement:© 2010 by The Wenner‐Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research.
Record Created:06 Dec 2010 15:35
Last Modified:10 Feb 2011 09:43

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