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Ab initio calculations of the structural and electronic properties of HgmTen clusters.

Wang, X.Q. and Clark, S.J. and Abram, R.A. (2004) 'Ab initio calculations of the structural and electronic properties of HgmTen clusters.', Physical review B., 70 (23). p. 235328.

Abstract

The structural and electronic properties of HgmTen (mnot equaln=13, 16, 19, and 28) clusters are calculated using density functional formalism and the pseudopotential method within the generalized gradient approximation. The initial structures of all the clusters are chosen to be fragments of bulk phase HgTe with T-d symmetry. It is found that the relaxed structures of Hg13Te16 and Hg16Te19 retain their initial symmetry, whereas those of Hg16Te13, Hg19Te16, Hg19Te28(=Hg16Te19+12Te), and Hg28Te19(=Hg16Te19+12Hg), due to the Jahn-Teller distortions except for the last one, change to lower symmetries. However, it is apparent that the 12 additional Te atoms in the Hg19Te28 cluster act to stabilize the Hg19Te16 core, while the 12 additional Hg atoms in the Hg28Te19 cluster do not do so. It is also found that all the clusters studied here are initially semimetals with zero or very small highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) - lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) gaps. However, after structural relaxation, Hg16Te13, Hg19Te16, Hg19Te28, and Hg28Te19 are semiconductors, while the other two clusters with unchanged symmetry are still semimetallic in nature. Therefore, as well as the size quantization, the symmetry of a cluster would seem to be another significant factor to determine its HOMO-LUMO gaps.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Small semiconductor crystallites, Quantum dots, CDSE nanocrystals, Surface relaxation, CDTE nanocrystals, Room temperature, Size, Energy, Nanoclusters, Chemistry.
Full text:PDF - Published Version (621Kb)
Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.70.235328
Publisher statement:© 2004 by The American Physical Society. All rights reserved.
Record Created:07 Dec 2010 14:50
Last Modified:08 Dec 2010 10:28

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