We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By continuing to browse this repository, you give consent for essential cookies to be used. You can read more about our Privacy and Cookie Policy.

Durham Research Online
You are in:

Dipole matrix elements and the nature of charge oscillation under coherent interband excitation in quantum wells.

Coles, R.A. and Abram, R.A. and Brand, S. and Burt, M.G. (1999) 'Dipole matrix elements and the nature of charge oscillation under coherent interband excitation in quantum wells.', Physical review B., 60 (19). pp. 13306-13309.


An empirical pseudopotential method is used to model two type-I quantum-well systems, allowing the investigation of interband dipole-matrix elements and charge oscillation under coherent optical excitation. Each relevant (microscopically varying) wave function is expressed as an exact envelope-function expansion to which various approximations are made, in analogy with envelope-function methods such as the k⋅p model. The approximation to the quantum-well energy eigenfunctions of a single envelope function multiplying a band-edge zone-center state, the “atomic picture,” is shown to underestimate by orders of magnitude the interband dipole-matrix element. Including terms due to the second band edge, which play only a minor role in the exact envelope-function expansion, provides a good approximation to the true dipole-matrix element, which is significantly greater than the atomic picture predicts. In addition, the effect on the interband charge oscillation of omitting the second band-edge terms is shown to be a reduction of the oscillation from the width of the well to the atomic scale. These results confirm that the earlier results of Burt hold for realistic three-dimensional systems.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(VoR) Version of Record
Download PDF
Publisher Web site:
Publisher statement:© 1999 by The American Physical Society. All rights reserved.
Record Created:07 Dec 2010 15:05
Last Modified:08 Dec 2010 09:52

Social bookmarking: del.icio.usConnoteaBibSonomyCiteULikeFacebookTwitterExport: EndNote, Zotero | BibTex
Look up in GoogleScholar | Find in a UK Library