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Prevalence and psychosocial risk factors of PTSD : 18 months after Kashmir Earthquake in Pakistan.

Naeem, F. and Ayub, M. and Masood, K. and Gul, H. and Khalid, M. and Farrukh, A. and Shaheen, A. and Waheed, W. and Chaudhry, H. R. (2011) 'Prevalence and psychosocial risk factors of PTSD : 18 months after Kashmir Earthquake in Pakistan.', Journal of affective disorders., 130 (1-2). pp. 268-274.

Abstract

Background: On average in a year 939 earthquakes of a magnitude between 5 and 8 on the Richter scale occur around the world. In earthquakes developing countries are prone to large-scale destruction because of poor structural quality of buildings, and preparedness for earthquakes. On 8th October 2005, a major earthquake hit the remote and mountainous region of northern Pakistan and Kashmir. We wanted to find out the rate of PTSD in a randomly selected sample of participants living in earthquake area and the correlates of the PTSD. - Method: The study was conducted 18 months after the earthquake. We selected a sample of men and women living in the houses and tents for interviews. Using well established instruments for PTSD and general psychiatric morbidity we gathered information from over 1200 people in face to face interviews. We gathered information about trauma exposure and loss as well. - Results: 55.2% women and 33.4% men suffered from PTSD. Living in a joint family was protective against the symptoms of PTSD. Dose of exposure to trauma was associated with the symptoms of PTSD. Living in a tent was associated with general psychiatric morbidity but not with PTSD. - Limitations: We used questionnaire instead of interviews to detect the symptoms of psychiatric disorders. - Conclusions: The symptoms of PTSD are common 18 months after the earthquake and they are specifically associated with the dose of trauma exposure. This may have implications for rehabilitation of this population.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Earthquake, PTSD, Psychiatric morbidity, Developing country, Psychological trauma.
Full text:Full text not available from this repository.
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2010.10.035
Record Created:01 Jul 2011 16:50
Last Modified:05 Jul 2011 14:51

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