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Cultural transmission of tool use in young children : a diffusion chain study.

Flynn, E. and Whiten, A. (2008) 'Cultural transmission of tool use in young children : a diffusion chain study.', Social development., 17 (3). pp. 699-718.

Abstract

Developmental and gender effects in the transmission of information about a tool-use task were investigated within a ‘diffusion chain’ design. One hundred and twenty-seven children (65 three-year-olds and 62 five-year-olds) participated. Eighty children took part in diffusion chains in which consecutive children in chains of five witnessed two attempts on a tool-use task by the previous child in the chain. Comparisons were made between two experimental conditions in which alternative techniques were seeded and a third no-model control condition. Children in the diffusion chains conformed to the technique they witnessed, in one experimental condition faithfully transmitting a technique absent in the no-model condition. Five-year-olds displayed more robust transmission than three-year-olds, and boys were both more competent and displayed stronger transmission than girls.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Culture, Observational learning, Tool use, Transmission.
Full text:Full text not available from this repository.
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9507.2007.00453.x
Record Created:02 Aug 2011 16:50
Last Modified:03 Aug 2011 10:03

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