Holmes, J. and Gathercole, S.E. and Place, M. and Dunning, D.L. and Hilton, K.L. and Elliott, J.G. (2010) 'Working memory deficits can be overcome : impacts of training and medication on working memory in children with ADHD.', Applied cognitive psychology., 24 (6). pp. 827-836.
This study evaluated the impact of two interventions—a training program and stimulant medication—on working memory (WM) function in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Twenty-five children aged between 8 and 11 years participated in training that taxed WM skills to the limit for a minimum of 20 days, and completed other assessments of WM and IQ before and after training, and with and without prescribed drug treatment. While medication significantly improved visuo-spatial memory performance, training led to substantial gains in all components of WM across untrained tasks. Training gains associated with the central executive persisted over a 6-month period. IQ scores were unaffected by either intervention. These findings indicate that the WM impairments in children with ADHD can be differentially ameliorated by training and by stimulant medication.
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|Publisher Web site:||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/acp.1589|
|Record Created:||14 Sep 2011 09:35|
|Last Modified:||24 May 2012 11:52|
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