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Developing and demonstrating knowledge : ability and non-ability determinants of learning and performance.

Beier, M.E. and Campbell, M. and Crook, A. (2010) 'Developing and demonstrating knowledge : ability and non-ability determinants of learning and performance.', Intelligence., 38 (1). pp. 179-186.


Ability and non-ability traits were examined as predictors of learning, operationalized as the development of knowledge structure accuracy, and exam performance in a semester-long course. As predicted by investment theories of intellectual development, both cognitive ability and non-ability traits were important determinants of learning and exam performance. Mastery goal orientation (the focus on developing competence) was related to learning, but not exam performance. Conscientiousness was positively related to learning and exam performance. Performance-avoid orientation (a focus on avoiding normative evaluations of incompetence) was negatively related to the development of knowledge structure accuracy, but was positively related to exam performance after accounting for knowledge structure accuracy and cognitive ability — suggesting that wanting to avoid failure may be functional for exam performance, but dysfunctional for learning.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Cognitive ability, Personality, Knowledge acquisition, Knowledge structures, Pathfinder.
Full text:Full text not available from this repository.
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Record Created:17 Nov 2011 15:20
Last Modified:18 Nov 2011 14:37

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