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Experiments and computations on large tip clearance effects in a linear cascade.

Williams, Richard and Gregory-Smith, David and He, Li and Ingram, Grant (2008) 'Experiments and computations on large tip clearance effects in a linear cascade.', in ASME Turbo Expo 2008 : power for land, sea and air, 9-13 June 2008, Berlin, Germany ; proceedings. New York: American Society of Mechanical Engineers, pp. 335-347.


Large tip clearances typically in the region of six percent exist in the high pressure stages of compressors of industrial gas turbines. Due to the relatively short annulus height and significant blockage, the tip clearance flow accounts for the largest proportion of loss in the HP. Therefore increasing the understanding of such flows will allow for improvements in design of such compressors, increasing efficiency, stability and the operating range. Experimental and computational techniques have been used to increase the physical understanding of the tip clearance flows through varying clearances in a linear cascade of controlled-diffusion blades. This paper shows two unexpected results. Firstly the loss does not increase with clearances greater than 4% and secondly there is an increase of blade loading towards the tip above 2% clearance. It appears that the loss production mechanisms of the pressure driven tip clearance jet do not increase as the clearance is increased to large values. The increase in blade force is attributed to the effect of the strong tip clearance vortex which does not move across the blade passage to the pressure surface, as is often observed for high stagger blading. These results may be significant for the design of HP compressors for industrial gas turbines.

Item Type:Book chapter
Additional Information:Paper No. GT2008-50557
Full text:Full text not available from this repository.
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Record Created:28 Nov 2011 11:50
Last Modified:18 Apr 2016 10:58

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