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Stereoscopic vision in the absence of the lateral occipital cortex.

Read, J. C. A. and Phillipson, G. P. and Serrano-Pedraza, I. and Milner, A. D. and Parker, A. J. (2010) 'Stereoscopic vision in the absence of the lateral occipital cortex.', PLoS ONE., 5 (9). e12608.

Abstract

Both dorsal and ventral cortical visual streams contain neurons sensitive to binocular disparities, but the two streams may underlie different aspects of stereoscopic vision. Here we investigate stereopsis in the neurological patient D.F., whose ventral stream, specifically lateral occipital cortex, has been damaged bilaterally, causing profound visual form agnosia. Despite her severe damage to cortical visual areas, we report that DF's stereo vision is strikingly unimpaired. She is better than many control observers at using binocular disparity to judge whether an isolated object appears near or far, and to resolve ambiguous structure-from-motion. DF is, however, poor at using relative disparity between features at different locations across the visual field. This may stem from a difficulty in identifying the surface boundaries where relative disparity is available. We suggest that the ventral processing stream may play a critical role in enabling healthy observers to extract fine depth information from relative disparities within one surface or between surfaces located in different parts of the visual field.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:
Full text:PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012608
Publisher statement:Copyright: © 2010 Read et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Record Created:25 Jan 2012 12:05
Last Modified:25 Jan 2012 15:05

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