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A new intersection model and improved algorithms for tolerance graphs.

Mertzios, G.B. and Sau, I. and Zaks, S. (2010) 'A new intersection model and improved algorithms for tolerance graphs.', in Graph-theoretic concepts in computer science : 35th international workshop, WG 2009, 24-26 June 2009, Montpellier, France ; revised papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 285-295. Lecture notes in computer science. (5911).


Tolerance graphs model interval relations in such a way that intervals can tolerate a certain degree of overlap without being in conflict. This class of graphs, which generalizes in a natural way both interval and permutation graphs, has attracted many research efforts since their introduction in [9], as it finds many important applications in constraint-based temporal reasoning, resource allocation, and scheduling problems, among others. In this article we propose the first non-trivial intersection model for general tolerance graphs, given by three-dimensional parallelepipeds, which extends the widely known intersection model of parallelograms in the plane that characterizes the class of bounded tolerance graphs. Apart from being important on its own, this new representation also enables us to improve the time complexity of three problems on tolerance graphs. Namely, we present optimal O(nlogn) algorithms for computing a minimum coloring and a maximum clique, and an O(n2) algorithm for computing a maximum weight independent set in a tolerance graph with n vertices, thus improving the best known running times O(n2) and O(n3) for these problems, respectively.

Item Type:Book chapter
Keywords:Tolerance graphs, Parallelogram graphs, Intersection model, Minimum coloring, Maximum clique, Maximum weight independent set.
Full text:PDF (Copyright agreement prohibits open access to the full-text) - Accepted Version
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Record Created:22 Feb 2012 15:05
Last Modified:09 Oct 2014 10:46

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