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Absolute absorption on the rubidium D1 line including resonant dipole–dipole interactions.

Weller, L. and Bettles, R. J. and Siddons, P. and Adams, C. S. and Hughes, I. G. (2011) 'Absolute absorption on the rubidium D1 line including resonant dipole–dipole interactions.', Journal of physics B : atomic, molecular and optical physics., 44 (19). p. 195006.


Here we report on measurements of the absolute absorption spectra of dense rubidium vapour on the D1 line in the weak-probe regime for temperatures up to 170 °C and number densities up to 3 × 1014 cm−3. In such vapours, modifications to the homogeneous linewidth of optical transitions arise due to dipole–dipole interactions between identical atoms, in superpositions of the ground and excited states. Absolute absorption spectra were recorded with a deviation of 0.1% between experiment and a theory incorporating resonant dipole–dipole interactions. The manifestation of dipole–dipole interactions is a self-broadening contribution to the homogeneous linewidth, which grows linearly with number density of atoms. Analysis of the absolute absorption spectra allows us to ascertain the value of the self-broadening coefficient for the rubidium D1 line: β/2π = (0.69 ± 0.04) × 10−7 Hz cm3, in excellent agreement with the theoretical prediction.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:© IOP Publishing 2012
Record Created:13 Jun 2012 11:50
Last Modified:13 Jun 2012 15:22

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