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Pamir Alpine desert and tundra.

Mughal, M. A. Z. (2013) 'Pamir Alpine desert and tundra.', in Biomes and ecosystems. Ipswich, Mass.: Salem Press, pp. 978-980.


The Pamir is a high plateau located at the intersection of the world's tallest mountains of the Himalayas, Karakoram, Hindu Kush, Kunlun, and Tian Shan regions. These mountains are sometimes referred as the Roof of the World. The Pamir is shared by Afghanistan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, and Tajikistan. Due to its geopolitical importance, sometimes it is referred to as the Pamir Knot. The biodiversity in the Pamir is high thanks to the intersection of several climates among the various mountain ranges.

Item Type:Book chapter
Keywords:Pamir Alpine desert and tundra, Environmental issues, Sustainability, Climate change, Grassland, Tundra, Human biomes, Afghanistan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan.
Full text:Publisher-imposed embargo
(VoR) Version of Record
File format - PDF
Publisher Web site:
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:11 July 2013
Date of first online publication:2013
Date first made open access:No date available

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