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The XMM Cluster Survey : optical analysis methodology and the first data release.

Mehrtens, Nicola and Romer, Kathy A. and Hilton, Matt and Lloyd-Davies, E. J. and Miller, Christopher J. and Stanford, S. A. and Hosmer, Mark and Hoyle, Ben and Collins, Chris A. and Liddle, Andrew R. and Viana, Pedro T. P. and Nichol, Robert C. and Stott, John P. and Dubois, Naomi E. and Kay, Scott T. and Sahlén, Martin and Young, Owain and Short, C. J. and Christodoulou, L. and Watson, William A. and Davidson, Michael and Harrison, Craig D. and Baruah, Leon and Smith, Mathew and Burke, Claire and Mayers, Julian A. and Deadman, Paul-James and Rooney, Philip J. and Edmondson, Edward M. and West, Michael and Campbell, Heather C. and Edge, Alastair C. and Mann, Robert G. and Sabirli, Kivanc and Wake, David and Benoist, Christophe and da Costa, Luiz and Maia, Marcio A. G. and Ogando, Ricardo (2012) 'The XMM Cluster Survey : optical analysis methodology and the first data release.', Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society., 423 (2). pp. 1024-1052.


The XMM Cluster Survey (XCS) is a serendipitous search for galaxy clusters using all publicly available data in the XMM–Newton Science Archive. Its main aims are to measure cosmological parameters and trace the evolution of X-ray scaling relations. In this paper we present the first data release from the XMM Cluster Survey (XCS-DR1). This consists of 503 optically confirmed, serendipitously detected, X-ray clusters. Of these clusters, 256 are new to the literature and 357 are new X-ray discoveries. We present 463 clusters with a redshift estimate (0.06 < z < 1.46), including 261 clusters with spectroscopic redshifts. The remainder have photometric redshifts. In addition, we have measured X-ray temperatures (TX) for 401 clusters (0.4 < TX < 14.7 keV). We highlight seven interesting subsamples of XCS-DR1 clusters: (i) 10 clusters at high redshift (z > 1.0, including a new spectroscopically confirmed cluster at z= 1.01); (ii) 66 clusters with high TX (>5 keV); (iii) 130 clusters/groups with low TX (<2 keV); (iv) 27 clusters with measured TX values in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) ‘Stripe 82’ co-add region; (v) 77 clusters with measured TX values in the Dark Energy Survey region; (vi) 40 clusters detected with sufficient counts to permit mass measurements (under the assumption of hydrostatic equilibrium); (vii) 104 clusters that can be used for applications such as the derivation of cosmological parameters and the measurement of cluster scaling relations. The X-ray analysis methodology used to construct and analyse the XCS-DR1 cluster sample has been presented in a companion paper, Lloyd-Davies et al.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Techniques, Photometric, Spectroscopic, Surveys, Galaxies, Clusters, XMMXCS J091821.9+211446.0, Distances and redshifts, X-rays.
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Publisher statement:This article has been published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2012 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:26 November 2013
Date of first online publication:June 2012
Date first made open access:No date available

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