We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By continuing to browse this repository, you give consent for essential cookies to be used. You can read more about our Privacy and Cookie Policy.

Durham Research Online
You are in:

A comparative analysis of virial black hole mass estimates of moderate-luminosity active galactic nuclei using Subaru/FMOS.

Matsuoka, K. and Silverman, J.D. and Schramm, M. and Steinhardt, C.L. and Nagao, T. and Kartaltepe, J. and Sanders, D.B. and Treister, E. and Hasinger, G. and Akiyama, M. and Ohta, K. and Ueda, Y. and Bongiorno, A. and Brandt, W.N. and Brusa, M. and Capak, P. and Civano, F. and Comastri, A. and Elvis, M. and Lilly, S.J. and Mainieri, V. and Masters, D. and Mignoli, M. and Salvato, M. and Trump, J.R. and Taniguchi, Y. and Zamorani, G. and Alexander, D.M. and Schawinski, K. (2013) 'A comparative analysis of virial black hole mass estimates of moderate-luminosity active galactic nuclei using Subaru/FMOS.', Astrophysical journal., 771 (1). p. 64.


We present an analysis of broad emission lines observed in moderate-luminosity active galactic nuclei (AGNs), typical of those found in X-ray surveys of deep fields, with the goal of testing the validity of single-epoch virial black hole mass estimates. We have acquired near-infrared spectra of AGNs up to z ~ 1.8 in the COSMOS and Extended Chandra Deep Field-South Survey, with the Fiber Multi-Object Spectrograph mounted on the Subaru telescope. These near-infrared spectra provide a significant detection of the broad Hα line, shown to be a reliable probe of black hole mass at low redshift. Our sample has existing optical spectroscopy that provides a detection of Mg II, typically used for black hole mass estimation at z >~ 1. We carry out a spectral-line fitting procedure using both Hα and Mg II to determine the virial velocity of gas in the broad-line region, the continuum luminosity at 3000 Å, and the total Hα line luminosity. With a sample of 43 AGNs spanning a range of two decades in luminosity, we find a tight correlation between the ultraviolet and emission-line luminosity. There is also a close one-to-one relationship between the full width at half-maximum of Hα and Mg II. Both of these then lead to there being very good agreement between Hα- and Mg II-based masses over a wide range in black hole mass, i.e., M BH ~ 107-9 M ⊙. In general, these results demonstrate that local scaling relations, using Mg II or Hα, are applicable for AGNs at moderate luminosities and up to z ~ 2.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Black hole physics, Galaxies, Active, Quasars, Emission lines.
Full text:(VoR) Version of Record
Download PDF
Publisher Web site:
Publisher statement:© 2013. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:23 December 2013
Date of first online publication:July 2013
Date first made open access:No date available

Save or Share this output

Look up in GoogleScholar