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On the connection between the intergalactic medium and galaxies : the H I–galaxy cross-correlation at z ≲ 1.

Tejos, N. and Morris, S.L. and Finn, C.W. and Crighton, N.H.M. and Bechtold, J. and Jannuzi, B.T. and Schaye, J. and Theuns, Tom and Altay, G. and Le Fèvre, O. and Ryan-Webeer, E. and Davé, R. (2014) 'On the connection between the intergalactic medium and galaxies : the H I–galaxy cross-correlation at z ≲ 1.', Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society., 437 (3 ). pp. 2017-2075.


We present a new optical spectroscopic survey of 1777 ‘star-forming’ (‘SF’) and 366 ‘non-star-forming’ (‘non-SF’) galaxies at redshifts z ∼ 0-1 (2143 in total), 22 AGN and 423 stars, observed by instruments such as the Deep Imaging Multi-Object Spectrograph, the Visible Multi-Object Spectrograph and the Gemini Multi-Object Spectrograph, in three fields containing five quasi-stellar objects (QSOs) with Hubble Space Telescope (HST) ultraviolet spectroscopy. We also present a new spectroscopic survey of 173 ‘strong’ (1014 ≤ NHI≲ 1017 cm−2) and 496 ‘weak’ (1013 ≲ NHI < 1014 cm−2) intervening H i (Lyα) absorption-line systems at z ≲ 1 (669 in total), observed in the spectra of eight QSOs at z ∼ 1 by the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph and the Faint Object Spectrograph on the HST. Combining these new data with previously published galaxy catalogues such as the Very Large Telescope Visible Multi-Object Spectrograph Deep Survey and the Gemini Deep Deep Survey, we have gathered a sample of 654 H i absorption systems and 17 509 galaxies at transverse scales ≲50 Mpc, suitable for a two-point correlation function analysis. We present observational results on the H i–galaxy (ξag) and galaxy–galaxy (ξgg) correlations at transverse scales r⊥ ≲ 10 Mpc, and the H i–H i autocorrelation (ξaa) at transverse scales r⊥ ≲ 2 Mpc. The two-point correlation functions are measured both along and transverse to the line of sight, ξ(r⊥, r∥). We also infer the shape of their corresponding ‘real-space’ correlation functions, ξ(r), from the projected along the line-of-sight correlations, assuming power laws of the form ξ(r) = (r/r0)−γ. Comparing the results from ξag, ξgg and ξaa, we constrain the H i–galaxy statistical connection, as a function of both H i column density and galaxy star formation activity. Our results are consistent with the following conclusions: (i) the bulk of H i systems on ∼ Mpc scales have little velocity dispersion (≲120 km s−1) with respect to the bulk of galaxies (i.e. no strong galaxy outflow/inflow signal is detected); (ii) the vast majority (∼100 per cent) of ‘strong’ H i systems and ‘SF’ galaxies are distributed in the same locations, together with 75 ± 15 per cent of ‘non-SF’ galaxies, all of which typically reside in dark matter haloes of similar masses; (iii) 25 ± 15 per cent of ‘non-SF’ galaxies reside in galaxy clusters and are not correlated with ‘strong’ H i systems at scales ≲2 Mpc; and (iv) >50 per cent of ‘weak’ H i systems reside within galaxy voids (hence not correlated with galaxies), and are confined in dark matter haloes of masses smaller than those hosting ‘strong’ systems and/or galaxies. We speculate that H i systems within galaxy voids might still be evolving in the linear regime even at scales ≲2 Mpc.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Galaxies: formation, Intergalactic medium, Quasars: absorption lines, Large-scale structure of Universe.
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Publisher statement:This article has been published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2013 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:20 December 2013
Date of first online publication:January 2014
Date first made open access:No date available

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