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Spectroscopic imaging of photopotentials and photoinduced potential fluctuations in a bulk heterojunction solar cell film.

Luria, J.L. and Hoepker, N. and Bruce, R. and Jacobs, A.R. and Groves, C. and Marohn, J.A. (2012) 'Spectroscopic imaging of photopotentials and photoinduced potential fluctuations in a bulk heterojunction solar cell film.', ACS nano., 6 (11). pp. 9392-9401.

Abstract

We present spatially resolved photovoltage spectra of a bulk heterojunction solar cell film composed of phase-separated poly(9,9′-dioctylfluorene-co-benzothiadiazole) (F8BT) and poly(9,9′-dioctylfluorene-co-bis-N,N′-(4-butylphenyl)-bis-N,N′-phenyl-1,4-phenylenediamine) (PFB) polymers prepared on ITO/PEDOT:PSS and aluminum substrates. Over both PFB- and F8BT-rich domains, the photopotential spectra were found to be proportional to a linear combination of the polymers’ absorption spectra. Charge trapping in the film was studied using photopotential fluctuation spectroscopy, in which low-frequency photoinduced electrostatic potential fluctuations were measured by observing noise in the oscillation frequency of a nearby charged atomic force microscope cantilever. Over both F8BT- and PFB-rich regions, the magnitude, distance dependence, frequency dependence, and illumination wavelength dependence of the observed cantilever frequency noise are consistent with photopotential fluctuations arising from stochastic light-driven trapping and detrapping of charges in F8BT. Taken together, our findings suggest a microscopic mechanism by which intermixing of phases leads to charge trapping and thereby to suppressed open-circuit voltage and decreased efficiency in this prototypical bulk heterojunction solar cell film.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:PFB, P8BT solar cell, Open-circuit voltage, Scanning Kelvin probe microscopy, Photovoltage and photopotential fluctuation spectroscopy.
Full text:Full text not available from this repository.
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nn300941f
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:No date available
Date of first online publication:November 2012
Date first made open access:No date available

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