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Monte Carlo modeling of geminate recombination in polymer-polymer photovoltaic devices.

Groves, C. and Marsh, R.A. and Greenham, N.C. (2008) 'Monte Carlo modeling of geminate recombination in polymer-polymer photovoltaic devices.', Journal of chemical physics., 129 (11). p. 114903.


A Monte Carlo model is used to examine geminate pair dissociation in polymer-polymer photovoltaic devices. It is found that increasing one or both carrier mobilities aids geminate separation yield ηGS particularly at low fields. This, in turn, leads to improved maximum power output from polymer-polymer blend photovoltaics, even when carrier mobilities are unbalanced by a factor of 10. The dynamic behaviors of geminate charges that eventually separate and recombine are examined for the first time. It is shown that geminate pairs in a bilayer become effectively free when separated by ∼4nm, which is far smaller than the thermal capture radius of 16nm here. This may lead one to expect that ηGS would not be limited by the separation allowed by the morphology once the domain size has increased above 4nm. In fact it is found that ηGS in a blend improves continuously as the average domain size increases from 4to16nm. We show that although a small degree of separation may be available in a blend, the limited number of possible routes to further separation makes charge pairs in blends more susceptible to recombination than charge pairs in a bilayer.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Pair dissociation, Solar-cells, Separation, Mechanism, Blends.
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Publisher statement:© 2008 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in The Journal of Chemical Physics 129, 114903 (2008); doi: 10.1063/1.2977992 and may be found at
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:04 April 2014
Date of first online publication:September 2008
Date first made open access:No date available

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