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Search for TeV Gamma-ray emission from GRB 100621A, an extremely bright GRB in X-rays, with H.E.S.S.

Abramowski, A. and Aharonian, F. and Ait Benkhali, F. and Akhperjanian, A.G. and Angüner, E. and Anton, G. and Balenderan, S. and Balzer, A. and Barnacka, A. and Becherini, Y. and Becker Tjus, J. and Bernlöhr, K. and Birsin, E. and Bissaldi, E. and Biteau, J. and Böttcher, M. and Boisson, C. and Bolmont, J. and Bordas, P. and Brucker, J. and Brun, F. and Brun, P. and Bulik, T. and Carrigan, S. and Casanova, S. and Cerruti, M. and Chadwick, P.M. and Chalme-Calvet, R. and Chaves, R.C.G. and Cheesebrough, A. and Chrétien, M. and Colafrancesco, S. and Cologna, G. and Conrad, J. and Couturier, C. and Dalton, M. and Daniel, M.K. and Davids, I.D. and Degrange, B. and Deil, C. and deWilt, P. and Dickinson, H.J. and Djannati-Ataï, A. and Domainko, W. and Drury, L.O'C. and Dubus, G. and Dutson, K. and Dyks, J. and Dyrda, M. and Edwards, T. and Egberts, K. and Eger, P. and Espigat, P. and Farnier, C. and Fegan, S. and Feinstein, F. and Fernandes, M.V. and Fernandez, D. and Fiasson, A. and Fontaine, G. and Förster, A. and Füßling, M. and Gajdus, M. and Gallant, Y.A. and Garrigoux, T. and Giebels, B. and Glicenstein, J.F. and Grondin, M.-H. and Grudzińska, M. and Häffner, S. and Hahn, J. and Harris, J. and Heinzelmann, G. and Henri, G. and Hermann, G. and Hervet, O. and Hillert, A. and Hinton, J.A. and Hofmann, W. and Hofverberg, P. and Holler, M. and Horns, D. and Jacholkowska, A. and Jahn, C. and Jamrozy, M. and Janiak, M. and Jankowsky, F. and Jung, I. and Kastendieck, M.A. and Katarzyński, K. and Katz, U. and Kaufmann, S. and Khélifi, B. and Kieffer, M. and Klepser, S. and Klochkov, D. and Kluźniak, W. and Kneiske, T. and Kolitzus, D. and Komin, Nu. and Kosack, K. and Krakau, S. and Krayzel, F. and Krüger, P.P. and Laffon, H. and Lamanna, G. and Lefaucheur, J. and Lemière, A. and Lemoine-Goumard, M. and Lenain, J.-P. and Lennarz, D. and Lohse, T. and Lopatin, A. and Lu, C.-C. and Marandon, V. and Marcowith, A. and Marx, R. and Maurin, G. and Maxted, N. and Mayer, M. and McComb, T.J.L. and Méhault, J. and Menzler, U. and Meyer, M. and Moderski, R. and Mohamed, M. and Moulin, E. and Murach, T. and Naumann, C.L. and de Naurois, M. and Niemiec, J. and Nolan, S.J. and Oakes, L. and O'Brien, P.T. and Ohm, S. and de Oña Wilhelmi, E. and Opitz, B. and Ostrowski, M. and Oya, I. and Panter, M. and Parsons, R.D. and Paz Arribas, M. and Pekeur, N.W. and Pelletier, G. and Perez, J. and Petrucci, P.-O. and Peyaud, B. and Pita, S. and Poon, H. and Pühlhofer, G. and Punch, M. and Quirrenbach, A. and Raab, S. and Raue, M. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Renaud, M. and de los Reyes, R. and Rieger, F. and Rob, L. and Romoli, C. and Rosier-Lees, S. and Rowell, G. and Rudak, B. and Rulten, C.B. and Sahakian, V. and Sanchez, D.A. and Santangelo, A. and Schlickeiser, R. and Schüssler, F. and Schulz, A. and Schwanke, U. and Schwarzburg, S. and Schwemmer, S. and Sol, H. and Spengler, G. and Spies, F. and Stawarz, Ł. and Steenkamp, R. and Stegmann, C. and Stinzing, F. and Stycz, K. and Sushch, I. and Szostek, A. and Tam, P.H.T. and Tavernet, J.-P. and Tavernier, T. and Taylor, A.M. and Terrier, R. and Tluczykont, M. and Trichard, C. and Valerius, K. and van Eldik, C. and Vasileiadis, G. and Venter, C. and Viana, A. and Vincent, P. and Völk, H.J. and Volpe, F. and Vorster, M. and Wagner, S.J. and Wagner, P. and Ward, M. and Weidinger, M. and Weitzel, Q. and White, R. and Wierzcholska, A. and Willmann, P. and Wörnlein, A. and Wouters, D. and Zacharias, M. and Zajczyk, A. and Zdziarski, A.A. and Zech, A. and Zechlin, H.-S. (2014) 'Search for TeV Gamma-ray emission from GRB 100621A, an extremely bright GRB in X-rays, with H.E.S.S.', Astronomy and astrophysics., 565 . A16.

Abstract

The long gamma-ray burst (GRB) 100621A, at the time the brightest X-ray transient ever detected by Swift-XRT in the 0.3–10 keV range, has been observed with the H.E.S.S. imaging air Cherenkov telescope array, sensitive to gamma radiation in the very-high-energy (VHE, >100 GeV) regime. Due to its relatively small redshift of z ~ 0.5, the favourable position in the southern sky and the relatively short follow-up time (<700 s after the satellite trigger) of the H.E.S.S. observations, this GRB could be within the sensitivity reach of the H.E.S.S. instrument. The analysis of the H.E.S.S. data shows no indication of emission and yields an integral flux upper limit above ~380 GeV of 4.2 × 10-12 cm-2 s-1 (95% confidence level), assuming a simple Band function extension model. A comparison to a spectral-temporal model, normalised to the prompt flux at sub-MeV energies, constraints the existence of a temporally extended and strong additional hard power law, as has been observed in the other bright X-ray GRB 130427A. A comparison between the H.E.S.S. upper limit and the contemporaneous energy output in X-rays constrains the ratio between the X-ray and VHE gamma-ray fluxes to be greater than 0.4. This value is an important quantity for modelling the afterglow and can constrain leptonic emission scenarios, where leptons are responsible for the X-ray emission and might produce VHE gamma rays.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Gamma rays: general, Gamma-ray burst: individual: GRB 100621A, Gamma rays: stars, X-rays: stars.
Full text:(VoR) Version of Record
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201322984
Publisher statement:Reproduced with permission from Astronomy & Astrophysics, © ESO
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:15 July 2014
Date of first online publication:May 2014
Date first made open access:No date available

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