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The effectiveness of interventions targeting specific out-of-home food outlets : protocol for a systematic review.

Hillier-Brown, Frances and Moore, Helen and Lake, Amelia and Adamson, Ashley and White, Martin and Adams, Jean and Araujo-Soares, Vera and Abraham, Charles and Summerbell, Carolyn (2014) 'The effectiveness of interventions targeting specific out-of-home food outlets : protocol for a systematic review.', Systematic reviews., 3 (1). p. 17.


Background: Eating out of the home has been associated with higher intakes of energy and fat and lower micronutrient intakes, as well as the development of obesity. Out-of-home food outlets (OHFOs) and the foods obtained from these outlets are an ideal target for interventions to improve diet and tackle obesity. This systematic review will explore the evidence for the effectiveness of promoting healthy behaviour through interventions that modify food practices in specific OHFOs. Methods/Design: We will search the databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, ASSIA and the NHS Economic Evaluation Database for studies that have evaluated interventions conducted in an OHFO that aim to promote healthier menu offerings. OHFOs which are not openly accessible to the general public and supermarkets will be excluded. Included study designs will be randomised controlled trials, non-randomised controlled trials, controlled before-after studies, interrupted time series studies and evaluations of single interventions where outcome measures were assessed at least once pre and post-intervention (repeated measures studies). Discussion: This systematic review aims to synthesise the available evidence with regard to interventions that aim to change specific OHFOs in order to promote healthier menu offerings. The findings of this review will provide information on the types of interventions that have been evaluated and the context in which they are set, and provide insights into what interventions, and intervention functions, are most effective in different OHFO settings, along with any important innovation, implementation and cost implications. The review has been registered with PROSPERO (registration no. CRD42013006931).

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Publisher statement:© 2014 Hillier-Brown et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:18 July 2014
Date of first online publication:February 2014
Date first made open access:No date available

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