Cookies

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By continuing to browse this repository, you give consent for essential cookies to be used. You can read more about our Privacy and Cookie Policy.


Durham Research Online
You are in:

Mobility histories of 7th-9th century AD people buried at Early Medieval Bamburgh, Northumberland, England.

Groves, S.E. and Roberts, C.A. and Lucy, S. and Pearson, G. and Gröcke, D. and Nowell, G. and Macpherson, C.G. and Young, G. (2013) 'Mobility histories of 7th-9th century AD people buried at Early Medieval Bamburgh, Northumberland, England.', American journal of physical anthropology., 151 (3). pp. 462-476.

Abstract

Early Medieval England is described historically as a time when people migrated from the Continent to English shores. This study tests the hypothesis that those buried in the Bowl Hole cemetery, Bamburgh, Northumberland were nonlocally born, because of its royal status. Ninety-one male and female adult, and nonadult, skeletons were studied. Isotope ratios of strontium (87Sr/86Sr) and oxygen (δ18O) were generated for 78 individuals (28 females, 27 males, five “adults,” 18 nonadults). The mean Sr value for human enamel was 0.71044, standard deviation (sd) 0.001, and the mean O (δw) value is −5.9‰, sd 1.6‰. Additionally, animal tooth enamel (mean Sr value 0.710587, sd 0.001; mean O value −6.5‰, sd 1.5‰), local soil (mean Sr value 0.709184, sd 0.0006), snail shells (mean Sr value 0.708888, sd 0.0001), and soil samples from a 5 km transect heading inland (mean Sr value 0.709121, sd 0.0003), were analyzed for an indication of the isotopic composition of bioavailable Sr in the modern environment and to assess the impact of sea-spray; water samples from a well, local rivers, and standing water were analyzed for local δ18O values (mean O value −6.4‰, relative to VSMOW, sd 2.8‰). Over 50% of those buried at Bamburgh were nonlocal. All ages and both sexes produced “nonlocal” signatures; some suggested childhood origins in Scandinavia, the southern Mediterranean or North Africa. Stature and other indicators of health status indicated differences in quality of life between local and migrant groups. These differences did not extend to burial practices.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Strontium, Oxygen, Anglo-Saxon, Identity, Health.
Full text:Full text not available from this repository.
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.22290
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:No date available
Date of first online publication:July 2013
Date first made open access:No date available

Save or Share this output

Export:
Export
Look up in GoogleScholar