Bentley, R. A. and Maddison, E. J. and Ranner, P. H. and Bissell, J. J. and Caiado, C. C. C. S. and Bhatanacharoen, P. and Clark, T. and Botha, M. and Akinbami, F. and Hollow, M. and Michie, R. and Huntley, B. and Curtis, S. E. and Garnett, P. R. (2014) 'Social tipping points and Earth systems dynamics.', Frontiers in environmental science., 2 . p. 35.
Recently, Early Warning Signals (EWS) have been developed to predict tipping points in Earth Systems. This discussion highlights the potential to apply EWS to human social and economic systems, which may also undergo similar critical transitions. Social tipping points are particularly difficult to predict, however, and the current formulation of EWS, based on a physical system analogy, may be insufficient. As an alternative set of EWS for social systems, we join with other authors encouraging a focus on heterogeneity, connectivity through social networks and individual thresholds to change.
|Keywords:||Ecological breakdown, Social collapse, Paleoecology, Paleoclimatology, Research synergies.|
|Full text:||(VoR) Version of Record|
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|Publisher Web site:||http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fenvs.2014.00035|
|Publisher statement:||Copyright © 2014 Bentley, Maddison, Ranner, Bissell, Caiado, Bhatanacharoen, Clark, Botha, Akinbami, Hollow, Michie, Huntley, Curtis and Garnett. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.|
|Date accepted:||No date available|
|Date deposited:||21 August 2014|
|Date of first online publication:||August 2014|
|Date first made open access:||No date available|
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