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Herschel-ATLAS : properties of dusty massive galaxies at low and high redshifts.

Rowlands, K. and Dunne, L. and Dye, S. and Aragón-Salamanca, A. and Maddox, S. and da Cunha, E. and Smith, D.J.B. and Bourne, N. and Eales, S. and Gomez, H.L. and Smail, I. and Alpaslan, M. and Clark, C.J.R. and Driver, S. and Ibar, E. and Ivison, R.J. and Robotham, A. and Smith, M.W.L. and Valiante, E. (2014) 'Herschel-ATLAS : properties of dusty massive galaxies at low and high redshifts.', Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society., 441 (2). pp. 1017-1039.


We present a comparison of the physical properties of a rest-frame 250-μm-selected sample of massive, dusty galaxies from 0 < z < 5.3. Our sample comprises 29 high-redshift submillimetre galaxies (SMGs) from the literature and 843 dusty galaxies at z < 0.5 from the Herschel-Astrophysical TeraHertz Large Area Survey (H-ATLAS), selected to have a similar stellar mass to the SMGs. The z > 1 SMGs have an average star formation rate (SFR) of 390+80−70 M⊙ yr−1, which is 120 times that of the low-redshift sample matched in stellar mass to the SMGs (SFR = 3.3 ± 0.2 M⊙ yr−1). The SMGs harbour a substantial mass of dust (1.2+0.3−0.2×109 M⊙), compared to (1.6 ± 0.1) × 108  M⊙ for low-redshift dusty galaxies. At low redshifts, the dust luminosity is dominated by the diffuse interstellar medium, whereas a large fraction of the dust luminosity in SMGs originates from star-forming regions. At the same dust mass, SMGs are offset towards a higher SFR compared to the low-redshift H-ATLAS galaxies. This is not only due to the higher gas fraction in SMGs but also because they are undergoing a more efficient mode of star formation, which is consistent with their bursty star formation histories. The offset in SFR between SMGs and low-redshift galaxies is similar to that found in CO studies, suggesting that dust mass is as good a tracer of molecular gas as CO.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Dust, Extinction, Galaxies: evolution, Galaxies: fundamental parameters, Galaxies: high-redshift, Galaxies: ISM, Submillimetre: galaxies.
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Publisher statement:This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2014 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:24 November 2014
Date of first online publication:June 2014
Date first made open access:No date available

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