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Durham Research Online
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Attentional lapse and inhibition control in adults with Williams Syndrome.

Greer, J. and Riby, D. M. and Hamiliton, C. and Riby, L. M. (2013) 'Attentional lapse and inhibition control in adults with Williams Syndrome.', Research in developmental disabilities., 34 (11). pp. 4170-4177.

Abstract

Research exploring cognitive processing associated with Williams Syndrome (WS) has suggested that executive functioning deficits exist across the developmental spectrum. Such executive functions include problem solving, planning, dividing attention and inhibiting responses. Within a framework of executive functions, the aim of the current study was to explore attentional lapse and inhibition skills in older adults with WS (n = 20; aged 36–61 yr) and consider the implications of deficits within this group. Participants with WS were compared to typical adults of the same chronological age and typical older adults (aged 65+ yr) to consider attentional changes seen in the ageing process. The study employed a sustained attention to response task known to assess inhibition and attentional lapse but which had not previously been used with this population. Compared to both groups of typical matches, the results indicated atypicalities of attention and inhibition in adults with WS. Specifically, compared to the typical matches, adults with WS failed to withhold a response (showing inhibition deficits), had problems re-engaging attentional control processes after making an error and showed a generalised deficit of concentration and task engagement. We conclude that further attention should be paid to the cognitive capacity of older individuals with WS in order to consider the everyday challenges faced by this group and to provide adequate intervention and support for daily living.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Williams Syndrome, Ageing, Cognition, Inhibition, Executive function, Attentional lapse, Concentration.
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2013.08.041
Publisher statement:NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Research in Developmental Disabilities. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Research in Developmental Disabilities, 34, 11, November 2013, 10.1016/j.ridd.2013.08.041.
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:16 December 2014
Date of first online publication:November 2013
Date first made open access:No date available

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