We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By continuing to browse this repository, you give consent for essential cookies to be used. You can read more about our Privacy and Cookie Policy.

Durham Research Online
You are in:

The development of locomotor planning for end-state comfort.

Cowie, D. and Smith, L. and Braddick, O. (2010) 'The development of locomotor planning for end-state comfort.', Perception., 39 (5). pp. 661-670.


Walking through real-world environments involves using perceptual information to make complex choices between alternative routes, and this ability must develop through childhood. We examined performance and its development in one such situation. We used a novel ‘river-crossing’ paradigm analogous to manual ‘end-state comfort’ planning tasks, where an uncomfortable manoeuvre at the start of a movement is traded off for comfort at its end. Adults showed locomotor end-state comfort planning, adjusting feet at the start of a route in order to gain comfort at its end (crossing a manageable gap between two stepping stones). 3 – 6-year-olds also made this trade-off, but to a lesser degree than adults. The results suggest that end-state comfort is an important determiner of locomotor behaviour. Furthermore, they show that children as young as 3 years can use detailed visual information to form sophisticated locomotor plans.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
Download PDF
Publisher Web site:
Publisher statement:Dorothy Cowie, Liam Smith, Oliver Braddick, 2010. The definitive peer-reviewed and edited version of this article is published in Perception, 39(5), 2010, 10.1068/p6343
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:12 February 2015
Date of first online publication:2010
Date first made open access:No date available

Save or Share this output

Look up in GoogleScholar