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'That's not quite the way we see it' : the epistemological challenge of visual data.

Wall, K. and Higgins, S. and Hall, E. and Woolner, P. (2013) ''That's not quite the way we see it' : the epistemological challenge of visual data.', International journal of research and method in education., 36 (1). pp. 3-22.


In research textbooks, and much of the research practice, they describe, qualitative processes and interpretivist epistemologies tend to dominate visual methodology. This article challenges the assumptions behind this dominance. Using exemplification from three existing visual data sets produced through one large education research project, this article considers the affordances and constraints of the research process focusing particularly on analysis. It examines how and when the visual can be incorporated, gives some critical reflections on the role and use of visual methods to fulfil different research intents, and, in particular, considers combining large, open-ended data sets with acceptable and rigorous analysis techniques. We then explore arguments about the nature of visual data, what is considered epistemologically appropriate and the decision-making which accompanies any appraisal of process in education research. The intention is to challenge ourselves, and fellow visual methods researchers, to develop a more complete understanding of the theory and practice of visual research.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Visual methods, Mixed method research, Epistemology, Research methodology, Analysis.
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Publisher statement:This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in International Journal of Research and Method in Education on 05/11/2012, available online at:
Date accepted:03 July 2012
Date deposited:03 April 2015
Date of first online publication:2013
Date first made open access:No date available

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