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Diffuse Galactic gamma-ray emission with H.E.S.S.

Abramowski, A. and Aharonian, F. and Ait Benkhali, F. and Akhperjanian, A. G. and Angüner, E. O. and Backes, M. and Balenderan, S. and Balzer, A. and Barnacka, A. and Becherini, Y. and Becker Tjus, J. and Berge, D. and Bernhard, S. and Bernlöhr, K. and Birsin, E. and Biteau, J. and Böttcher, M. and Boisson, C. and Bolmont, J. and Bordas, P. and Bregeon, J. and Brun, F. and Brun, P. and Bryan, M. and Bulik, T. and Carrigan, S. and Casanova, S. and Chadwick, P. M. and Chakraborty, N. and Chalme-Calvet, R. and Chaves, R. C. G. and Chrétien, M. and Colafrancesco, S. and Cologna, G. and Conrad, J. and Couturier, C. and Cui, Y. and Davids, I. D. and Degrange, B. and Deil, C. and deWilt, P. and Djannati-Ataï, A. and Domainko, W. and Donath, A. and Drury, L. O'C. and Dubus, G. and Dutson, K. and Dyks, J. and Dyrda, M. and Edwards, T. and Egberts, K. and Eger, P. and Espigat, P. and Farnier, C. and Fegan, S. and Feinstein, F. and Fernandes, M. V. and Fernandez, D. and Fiasson, A. and Fontaine, G. and Förster, A. and Füßling, M. and Gabici, S. and Gajdus, M. and Gallant, Y. A. and Garrigoux, T. and Giavitto, G. and Giebels, B. and Glicenstein, J. F. and Gottschall, D. and Grondin, M.-H. and Grudzińska, M. and Hadasch, D. and Häffner, S. and Hahn, J. and Harris, J. and Heinzelmann, G. and Henri, G. and Hermann, G. and Hervet, O. and Hillert, A. and Hinton, J. A. and Hofmann, W. and Hofverberg, P. and Holler, M. and Horns, D. and Ivascenko, A. and Jacholkowska, A. and Jahn, C. and Jamrozy, M. and Janiak, M. and Jankowsky, F. and Jung-Richardt, I. and Kastendieck, M. A. and Katarzyński, K. and Katz, U. and Kaufmann, S. and Khélifi, B. and Kieffer, M. and Klepser, S. and Klochkov, D. and Kluźniak, W. and Kolitzus, D. and Komin, Nu. and Kosack, K. and Krakau, S. and Krayzel, F. and Krüger, P. P. and Laffon, H. and Lamanna, G. and Lefaucheur, J. and Lefranc, V. and Lemière, A. and Lemoine-Goumard, M. and Lenain, J.-P. and Lohse, T. and Lopatin, A. and Lu, C.-C. and Marandon, V. and Marcowith, A. and Marx, R. and Maurin, G. and Maxted, N. and Mayer, M. and McComb, T. J. L. and Méhault, J. and Meintjes, P. J. and Menzler, U. and Meyer, M. and Mitchell, A. M. W. and Moderski, R. and Mohamed, M. and Morâ, K. and Moulin, E. and Murach, T. and de Naurois, M. and Niemiec, J. and Nolan, S. J. and Oakes, L. and Odaka, H. and Ohm, S. and Opitz, B. and Ostrowski, M. and Oya, I. and Panter, M. and Parsons, R. D. and Paz Arribas, M. and Pekeur, N. W. and Pelletier, G. and Petrucci, P.-O. and Peyaud, B. and Pita, S. and Poon, H. and Pühlhofer, G. and Punch, M. and Quirrenbach, A. and Raab, S. and Reichardt, I. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Renaud, M. and de los Reyes, R. and Rieger, F. and Romoli, C. and Rosier-Lees, S. and Rowell, G. and Rudak, B. and Rulten, C. B. and Sahakian, V. and Salek, D. and Sanchez, D. A. and Santangelo, A. and Schlickeiser, R. and Schüssler, F. and Schulz, A. and Schwanke, U. and Schwarzburg, S. and Schwemmer, S. and Sol, H. and Spanier, F. and Spengler, G. and Spies, F. and Stawarz, Ł. and Steenkamp, R. and Stegmann, C. and Stinzing, F. and Stycz, K. and Sushch, I. and Tavernet, J.-P. and Tavernier, T. and Taylor, A. M. and Terrier, R. and Tluczykont, M. and Trichard, C. and Valerius, K. and van Eldik, C. and van Soelen, B. and Vasileiadis, G. and Veh, J. and Venter, C. and Viana, A. and Vincent, P. and Vink, J. and Völk, H. J. and Volpe, F. and Vorster, M. and Vuillaume, T. and Wagner, S. J. and Wagner, P. and Wagner, R. M. and Ward, M. and Weidinger, M. and Weitzel, Q. and White, R. and Wierzcholska, A. and Willmann, P. and Wörnlein, A. and Wouters, D. and Yang, R. and Zabalza, V. and Zaborov, D. and Zacharias, M. and Zdziarski, A. A. and Zech, A. and Zechlin, H.-S. and Fukui, Y. and Collaboration, H.E.S.S. (2014) 'Diffuse Galactic gamma-ray emission with H.E.S.S.', Physical review D., 90 (12). p. 122007.

Abstract

Diffuse γ-ray emission is the most prominent observable signature of celestial cosmic-ray interactions at high energies. While already being investigated at GeV energies over several decades, assessments of diffuse γ-ray emission at TeV energies remain sparse. After completion of the systematic survey of the inner Galaxy, the H.E.S.S. experiment is in a prime position to observe large-scale diffuse emission at TeV energies. Data of the H.E.S.S. Galactic Plane Survey are investigated in regions off known γ-ray sources. Corresponding γ-ray flux measurements were made over an extensive grid of celestial locations. Longitudinal and latitudinal profiles of the observed γ-ray fluxes show characteristic excess emission not attributable to known γ-ray sources. For the first time large-scale γ-ray emission along the Galactic plane using imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes has been observed. While the background subtraction technique limits the ability to recover modest variation on the scale of the H.E.S.S. field of view or larger, which is characteristic of the inverse Compton scatter-induced Galactic diffuse emission, contributions of neutral pion decay as well as emission from unresolved γ-ray sources can be recovered in the observed signal to a large fraction. Calculations show that the minimum γ-ray emission from π0 decay represents a significant contribution to the total signal. This detection is interpreted as a mix of diffuse Galactic γ-ray emission and unresolved sources.

Item Type:Article
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.90.122007
Publisher statement:Reprinted with permission from the American Physical Society: Physical Review D 90, 122007 © 2014 by the American Physical Society. Readers may view, browse, and/or download material for temporary copying purposes only, provided these uses are for noncommercial personal purposes. Except as provided by law, this material may not be further reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, adapted, performed, displayed, published, or sold in whole or part, without prior written permission from the American Physical Society.
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:22 April 2015
Date of first online publication:December 2014
Date first made open access:No date available

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