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Oxidative ratio (OR) of Southern African soils and vegetation : updating the global OR estimate.

Clay, G.D. and Worrall, F. (2015) 'Oxidative ratio (OR) of Southern African soils and vegetation : updating the global OR estimate.', Catena., 126 . pp. 126-133.

Abstract

Oxidative ratio (OR) is the ratio of moles O2 released per mole CO2 sequestered through photosynthesis in the terrestrial biosphere. The lower the OR value the more CO2 an environment can potentially sequester. It is this property of the organic matter that plays a role in models of CO2 partitioning between the atmosphere and the biosphere. Recent studies have shown that the accepted value of OR (1.1 ± 0.05) may not be appropriate but that there are a number of research gaps before a full account of global OR values can be carried out. This study aims to fill some of the research gaps by carrying out a targeted sampling campaign in southern Africa. Vegetation, litter and soil samples were taken from a range of soil orders and biomes across a series of locations in South Africa and Swaziland. From these samples this study has been able to update a recent meta-analysis and show that although there were significant differences between some sites and vegetation types, there was no significant difference between the soil orders or biomes sampled. This study has also been able to update the global ORterra estimate to 1.06 ± 0.06.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Oxidative ratio, Terrestrial carbon cycle, Elemental composition, Organic matter, Swaziland, South Africa.
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2014.10.029
Publisher statement:NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in CATENA. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in CATENA, 126, March 2015, 10.1016/j.catena.2014.10.029.
Date accepted:28 October 2014
Date deposited:01 May 2015
Date of first online publication:March 2015
Date first made open access:No date available

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