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Faraday’s lines of force as strings : from Gauss’ law to the arrow of time.

Mansfield, Paul (2012) 'Faraday’s lines of force as strings : from Gauss’ law to the arrow of time.', Journal of high energy physics., 2012 (10). p. 149.


We reformulate classical electromagnetism as the statistical mechanics of lines of electric flux with dynamics described by the string action in four dimensions. The retarded solution to Maxwell’s equations emerges naturally as an average over a microcanonical ensemble of these lines of force at high temperature.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Field theories in lower dimensions, Bosonic strings.
Full text:(NA) Not Applicable
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Publisher statement:© SISSA 2012. Published for SISSA by Springer. The final publication is available at Springer via
Date accepted:28 September 2012
Date deposited:No date available
Date of first online publication:October 2012
Date first made open access:No date available

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