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The effects of parenting styles on behavioral problems in primary school children : a cross-cultural review.

Sangawi, Hoshiar and Adams, John and Reissland, Nadja (2015) 'The effects of parenting styles on behavioral problems in primary school children : a cross-cultural review.', Asian social science., 11 (22). pp. 171-186.


This review examines the literature regarding the effects of parenting styles on children’s behavioural problems in different cultures. An initial literature search yielded 941 articles. Subsequent screening of titles and abstracts identified 86 potentially relevant studies. These were stored in full text for additional checks in order to further verify if they corresponded to the purposes of the review. Inclusion criteria yielded 21 studies from the following twelve countries: USA, Canada, UK, Spain, Portugal, Netherlands, Finland, Croatia, Iran, China, Taiwan and Pakistan. Results indicate that parenting styles have an impact on children’s behavioural problems. Specifically, children from parents showing contributory factors such as “involvement with the child”, “monitoring the child” and other positive dimensions tended to have low levels of behaviour problems. Based on the literature review we conclude that this impact of parenting styles may vary across societies. However, a number of methodological limitations were noted which may have contributed towards some inconsistency of the findings. Further cross-cultural research is needed in order to be able to compare the effect of parenting styles more reliably.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (
Date accepted:25 July 2015
Date deposited:04 September 2015
Date of first online publication:August 2015
Date first made open access:No date available

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