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The Copernicus Complexio : statistical properties of warm dark matter haloes.

Bose, S. and Hellwing, W. A. and Frenk, C. S. and Jenkins, A. and Lovell, M. R. and Helly, J. C. and Li, B. (2016) 'The Copernicus Complexio : statistical properties of warm dark matter haloes.', Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society., 455 (1). pp. 318-333.


The recent detection of a 3.5 keV X-ray line from the centres of galaxies and clusters by Bulbul et al. and Boyarsky et al. has been interpreted as emission from the decay of 7 keV sterile neutrinos which could make up the (warm) dark matter (WDM). As part of the Copernicus Complexio (COCO) programme, we investigate the properties of dark matter haloes formed in a high-resolution cosmological N-body simulation from initial conditions similar to those expected in a universe in which the dark matter consists of 7 keV sterile neutrinos. This simulation and its cold dark matter (CDM) counterpart have ∼13.4 bn particles, each of mass ∼105 h−1 M⊙, providing detailed information about halo structure and evolution down to dwarf galaxy mass scales. Non-linear structure formation on small scales (M200 ≲ 2 × 109 h−1 M⊙) begins slightly later in COCO-WARM than in COCO-COLD. The halo mass function at the present day in the WDM model begins to drop below its CDM counterpart at a mass ∼2 × 109 h−1 M⊙ and declines very rapidly towards lower masses so that there are five times fewer haloes of mass M200 = 108 h−1 M⊙ in COCO-WARM than in COCO-COLD. Halo concentrations on dwarf galaxy scales are correspondingly smaller in COCO-WARM, and we provide a simple functional form that describes its evolution with redshift. The shapes of haloes are similar in the two cases, but the smallest haloes in COCO-WARM rotate slightly more slowly than their CDM counterparts.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Methods: numerical dark matter
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Publisher statement:This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. ©: 2015 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Date accepted:01 October 2015
Date deposited:05 November 2015
Date of first online publication:02 November 2015
Date first made open access:No date available

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