Swinbank, A. M. and Dye, S. and Nightingale, J. W. and Furlanetto, C. and Smail, Ian and Cooray, A. and Dannerbauer, H. and Dunne, L. and Eales, S. and Gavazzi, R. and Hunter, T. and Ivison, R. J. and Negrello, M. and Oteo-Gomez, I. and Smit, R. and van der Werf, P. and Vlahakis, C. (2015) 'ALMA resolves the properties of star-forming regions in a dense gas disk at z ~ 3.', Astrophysical journal letters., 806 (1). L17.
We exploit long baseline ALMA submillimeter observations of the lensed star-forming galaxy SDP 81 at z = 3.042 to investigate the properties of the interstellar medium (ISM) on scales of 50–100 pc. The kinematics of the 12CO gas within this system are welldescribed by a rotationally supported disk with an inclination-corrected rotation speed, vrot = 320 ± 20 km s−1, and a dynamical mass of Mdyn = (3.5 ± 1.0)× 1010 M within a radius of 1.5 kpc. The disk is gas-rich and unstable, with a Toomre parameter, Q = 0.30 ± 0.10, and so into star-forming regions with Jeans length LJ ~ 130 pc. We identify five star-forming regions within the ISM on these scales and show that their scaling relations between luminosity, line widths, and sizes are significantly offset from those typical of molecular clouds in local galaxies (Larson’s relations). These offsets are likely to be caused by the high external hydrostatic pressure for the ISM, Ptot/kB~ 40 20 30 - + × 107 K cm−3, which is ∼104× higher than the typical ISM pressure in the Milky Way. The physical conditions of the star-forming ISM and giant molecular clouds appear to be similar to those found in the densest environments in the local universe, such as those in the Galactic center.
|Keywords:||Galaxies: evolution, Galaxies: high-redshift, Galaxies: starburst.|
|Full text:||(VoR) Version of Record|
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|Publisher Web site:||http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/806/1/L17|
|Publisher statement:||© 2015. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.|
|Date accepted:||18 May 2015|
|Date deposited:||12 February 2016|
|Date of first online publication:||June 2015|
|Date first made open access:||No date available|
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