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New constraints on Greenland ice sheet dynamics during the last glacial cycle : evidence from the Uummannaq ice stream system.

Roberts, D.H. and Rea, B. and Lane, T. and Schnabel, C. and Rodés, A. (2013) 'New constraints on Greenland ice sheet dynamics during the last glacial cycle : evidence from the Uummannaq ice stream system.', Journal of geophysical research. Earth surface., 118 (2). pp. 519-541.

Abstract

This paper presents the first assessment of the Uummannaq ice stream system (UISS) in West Greenland. The UISS drained ~6% of the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) at the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). The onset of the UISS is a function of a convergent network of fjords which feed a geologically controlled trough system running offshore to the shelf break. Mapping, cosmogenic radiogenic nuclide (CRN) dating, and model output reveal that glacially scoured surfaces up to 1266 m above sea level (asl) in fjord-head areas were produced by warm-based ice moving offshore during the LGM, with the elevation of warm-based ice dropping westwards to ~700 m asl as the ice stream trunk zone developed. Marginal plateaux with allochthonous blockfields suggest that warm-based ice produced till and erratics up to ~1200 m asl, but CRN ages and weathering pits suggest this was pre-LGM, with only cold-based ice operating during the LGM. Deglaciation began on the outer shelf at ~14.8 cal. kyrs B.P., with Ubekendt Ejland becoming ice free at ~12.4 ka. The UISS then collapsed with over 100 km of retreat by ~11.4 ka–10.8 cal. kyrs B.P., a rapid and complex response to bathymetric deepening, trough widening, and sea-level rise coinciding with rapidly increasing air temperatures and solar radiation, but which occurred prior to ocean warming at ~8.4 cal. kyrs B.P. Local fjord constriction temporarily stabilized the unzipped UISS margins at the start of the Holocene before ice retreat inland of the current margin at ~8.7 ka.

Item Type:Article
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jgrf.20032
Publisher statement:Roberts, D. H., B. R. Rea, T. P. Lane, C. Schnabel, and A. Rodés (2013), New constraints on Greenland ice sheet dynamics during the last glacial cycle: Evidence from the Uummannaq ice stream system, Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 118, 519-541, 10.1002/jgrf.20032 (DOI). To view the published open abstract, go to http://dx.doi.org and enter the DOI.
Date accepted:11 July 2013
Date deposited:07 March 2016
Date of first online publication:June 2013
Date first made open access:No date available

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