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Durham Research Online
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Cultural ecosystem services : a critical assessment.

James, Simon P. (2015) 'Cultural ecosystem services : a critical assessment.', Ethics, policy and environment., 18 (3). pp. 338-350.


This paper is about the practice of evaluating ecosystems on the basis of the cultural services they provide. My first aim is to assess the various objections that have been made to this practice. My second is to argue that when particular places are integral to people’s lives, their value cannot be adequately conceived in terms of the provision of cultural ecosystem services. It follows, I conclude, that the ecosystem services framework can provide only a very limited account of the value of places.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Publisher statement:This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in Ethics, Policy & Environment on 01/09/2015, available online at:
Date accepted:17 July 2015
Date deposited:17 March 2016
Date of first online publication:12 February 2016
Date first made open access:12 August 2017

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