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The macro- and microfossil record of the Cambrian priapulid Ottoia.

Smith, M.R. and Harvey, T.H.P. and Butterfield, N.J. (2015) 'The macro- and microfossil record of the Cambrian priapulid Ottoia.', Palaeontology., 58 (4). pp. 705-721.

Abstract

The stem-group priapulid Ottoia Walcott, 1911, is the most abundant worm in the mid-Cambrian Burgess Shale, but has not been unambiguously demonstrated elsewhere. High-resolution electron and optical microscopy of macroscopic Burgess Shale specimens reveals the detailed anatomy of its robust hooks, spines and pharyngeal teeth, establishing the presence of two species: Ottoia prolifica Walcott, 1911, and Ottoia tricuspida sp. nov. Direct comparison of these sclerotized elements with a suite of shale-hosted mid-to-late Cambrian microfossils extends the range of ottoiid priapulids throughout the middle to upper Cambrian strata of the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin. Ottoiid priapulids represented an important component of Cambrian ecosystems: they occur in a range of lithologies and thrived in shallow water as well as in the deep-water setting of the Burgess Shale. A wider survey of Burgess Shale macrofossils reveals specific characters that diagnose priapulid sclerites more generally, establishing the affinity of a wide range of Small Carbonaceous Fossils and demonstrating the prominent role of priapulids in Cambrian seas.

Item Type:Article
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pala.12168
Publisher statement:© 2015 The Authors. Palaeontology published by John Wiley & Sons on behalf of The Palaeontological Association. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Date accepted:31 March 2015
Date deposited:07 April 2016
Date of first online publication:06 May 2015
Date first made open access:No date available

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