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The impact of parenting styles on children developmental outcome : the role of academic self-concept as a mediator.

Sangawi, Hoshiar and Adams, John and Reissland, Nadja (2018) 'The impact of parenting styles on children developmental outcome : the role of academic self-concept as a mediator.', International journal of psychology., 53 (5). pp. 379-387.


Although the importance of parenting styles directly influencing child development is well established, fewer studied have examined whether parenting styles also affect children’s behavioural problems indirectly, mediated through children’s academic self-concept (ASC). We examined direct and shared effects of parenting styles on behavioural AQ4 problems of 199 Kurdish primary school children with a mean age of 11 years 7 months (range 11; 5 months to 12; 3 months). Questionnaires measured parenting styles (child version of Alabama Parenting Questionnaire), assessed children’s ASC (Myself-As-Learner Scale) and identified children’s behavioural problems (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire). PROCESS analysis was used to perform the mediation analysis. The results revealed that positive and negative parenting composites are indirectly related to children’s internalising behaviour problems. In addition, ASC partially mediated the relationship between the negative parenting composite and prosocial behaviour. However, the mediation analysis did not show the expected indirect effect of parenting styles on externalising problems as being mediated via ASC. Hence, we argue that the ASC serves as a significant mediator in the relationship between parenting styles with prosocial behaviour and internalising problems.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:This is the accepted version of the following article: Sangawi, H., Adams, J. and Reissland, N. (2016), The impact of parenting styles on children developmental outcome: The role of academic self-concept as a mediator. International Journal of Psychology, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Date accepted:01 August 2016
Date deposited:11 August 2016
Date of first online publication:23 August 2016
Date first made open access:23 August 2017

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