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Personal space regulation in Williams syndrome : the effect of familiarity.

Lough, E. and Flynn, E. and Riby, D. M. (2016) 'Personal space regulation in Williams syndrome : the effect of familiarity.', Journal of autism and developmental disorders., 46 (10). 3207-3215.


Personal space refers to a protective barrier that we strive to maintain around our body. We examined personal space regulation in young people with Williams syndrome (WS) and their typically developing, chronological age-matched peers using a parent report questionnaire and a stop-distance paradigm. Individuals with WS were reported by their parents to be more likely to violate the personal space of others, and indeed they maintained a shorter interpersonal distance in the stop-distance paradigm. Interestingly, WS individuals failed to regulate their personal space based on the familiarity of the person they were interacting with. Findings are discussed in relation to the wider social profile associated with WS, and the possible impact of atypical personal space regulation on social vulnerability.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Publisher statement:The final publication is available at Springer via
Date accepted:10 July 2016
Date deposited:21 October 2016
Date of first online publication:15 July 2016
Date first made open access:15 July 2017

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