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Correlation lengths in hydrodynamic models of active nematics.

Hemingway, E. J. and Mishra, P and Marchetti, M. C. and Fielding, S. M. (2016) 'Correlation lengths in hydrodynamic models of active nematics.', Soft matter., 12 (38). pp. 7943-7952.

Abstract

We examine the scaling with activity of the emergent length scales that control the nonequilibrium dynamics of an active nematic liquid crystal, using two popular hydrodynamic models that have been employed in previous studies. In both models we find that the chaotic spatio-temporal dynamics in the regime of fully developed active turbulence is controlled by a single active scale determined by the balance of active and elastic stresses, regardless of whether the active stress is extensile or contractile in nature. The observed scaling of the kinetic energy and enstrophy with activity is consistent with our single-length scale argument and simple dimensional analysis. Our results provide a unified understanding of apparent discrepancies in the previous literature and demonstrate that the essential physics is robust to the choice of model.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C6SM00812G
Date accepted:22 August 2016
Date deposited:29 September 2016
Date of first online publication:02 September 2016
Date first made open access:22 August 2017

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