Marasco, A. and Crain, R. A. and Schaye, J. and Bahé, Y. M. and van der Hulst, T. and Theuns, T. and Bower, R. G. (2016) 'The environmental dependence of H I in galaxies in the EAGLE simulations.', Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society., 461 (3). pp. 2630-2649.
We use the EAGLE suite of cosmological hydrodynamical simulations to study how the H I content of present-day galaxies depends on their environment. We show that EAGLE reproduces observed H I mass–environment trends very well, while semi-analytic models typically overpredict the average H I masses in dense environments. The environmental processes act primarily as an on/off switch for the H I content of satellites with M* > 109 M⊙. At a fixed M*, the fraction of H I-depleted satellites increase with increasing host halo mass M200 in response to stronger environmental effects, while at a fixed M200 it decreases with increasing satellite M* as the gas is confined by deeper gravitational potentials. H I-depleted satellites reside mostly, but not exclusively, within the virial radius r200 of their host halo. We investigate the origin of these trends by focusing on three environmental mechanisms: ram pressure stripping by the intragroup medium, tidal stripping by the host halo and satellite–satellite encounters. By tracking back in time the evolution of the H I-depleted satellites, we find that the most common cause of H I removal is satellite encounters. The time-scale for H I removal is typically less than 0.5 Gyr. Tidal stripping occurs in haloes of M200 < 1014 M⊙ within 0.5 × r200, while the other processes act also in more massive haloes, generally within r200. Conversely, we find that ram pressure stripping is the most common mechanism that disturbs the H I morphology of galaxies at redshift z = 0. This implies that H I removal due to satellite–satellite interactions occurs on shorter time-scales than the other processes.
|Full text:||(VoR) Version of Record|
Download PDF (3507Kb)
|Publisher Web site:||http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw1498|
|Publisher statement:||This article has been published in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2016 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.|
|Date accepted:||18 June 2016|
|Date deposited:||06 October 2016|
|Date of first online publication:||24 June 2016|
|Date first made open access:||06 October 2016|
Save or Share this output
|Look up in GoogleScholar|