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On the (parameterized) complexity of recognizing well-covered (r,l)-graphs.

Alves, Sancrey Rodrigues and Dabrowski, Konrad K. and Faria, Luerbio and Klein, Sulamita and Sau, Ignasi and dos Santos Souza, Uéverton (2016) 'On the (parameterized) complexity of recognizing well-covered (r,l)-graphs.', in Combinatorial optimization and applications : 10th International Conference, COCOA 2016, Hong Kong, China, December 16–18, 2016 ; proceedings. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, pp. 423-437. Lecture notes in computer science. (10043).


An (r,ℓ)(r,ℓ)-partition of a graph G is a partition of its vertex set into r independent sets and ℓℓ cliques. A graph is (r,ℓ)(r,ℓ) if it admits an (r,ℓ)(r,ℓ)-partition. A graph is well-covered if every maximal independent set is also maximum. A graph is (r,ℓ)(r,ℓ)-well-covered if it is both (r,ℓ)(r,ℓ) and well-covered. In this paper we consider two different decision problems. In the (r,ℓ)(r,ℓ)-Well-Covered Graph problem ((r,ℓ)(r,ℓ) wcg for short), we are given a graph G, and the question is whether G is an (r,ℓ)(r,ℓ)-well-covered graph. In the Well-Covered (r,ℓ)(r,ℓ)-Graph problem (wc (r,ℓ)(r,ℓ) g for short), we are given an (r,ℓ)(r,ℓ)-graph G together with an (r,ℓ)(r,ℓ)-partition of V(G) into r independent sets and ℓℓ cliques, and the question is whether G is well-covered. We classify most of these problems into P, coNP-complete, NP-complete, NP-hard, or coNP-hard. Only the cases wc(r, 0)g for r≥3r≥3 remain open. In addition, we consider the parameterized complexity of these problems for several choices of parameters, such as the size αα of a maximum independent set of the input graph, its neighborhood diversity, or the number ℓℓ of cliques in an (r,ℓ)(r,ℓ)-partition. In particular, we show that the parameterized problem of deciding whether a general graph is well-covered parameterized by αα can be reduced to the wc (0,ℓ)(0,ℓ) g problem parameterized by ℓℓ, and we prove that this latter problem is in XP but does not admit polynomial kernels unless coNP⊆NP/polycoNP⊆NP/poly.

Item Type:Book chapter
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Date accepted:02 September 2016
Date deposited:30 November 2016
Date of first online publication:31 October 2016
Date first made open access:31 October 2017

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