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Getting connected : both associative and semantic links structure semantic memory for newly learned persons.

Wiese, H. and Schweinberger, S.R. (2015) 'Getting connected : both associative and semantic links structure semantic memory for newly learned persons.', Quarterly journal of experimental psychology., 68 (11). pp. 2131-2148.


The present study examined whether semantic memory for newly learned people is structured by visual co-occurrence, shared semantics, or both. Participants were trained with pairs of simultaneously presented (i.e., co-occurring) preexperimentally unfamiliar faces, which either did or did not share additionally provided semantic information (occupation, place of living, etc.). Semantic information could also be shared between faces that did not co-occur. A subsequent priming experiment revealed faster responses for both co-occurrence/no shared semantics and no co-occurrence/shared semantics conditions, than for an unrelated condition. Strikingly, priming was strongest in the co-occurrence/shared semantics condition, suggesting additive effects of these factors. Additional analysis of event-related brain potentials yielded priming in the N400 component only for combined effects of visual co-occurrence and shared semantics, with more positive amplitudes in this than in the unrelated condition. Overall, these findings suggest that both semantic relatedness and visual co-occurrence are important when novel information is integrated into person-related semantic memory.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Publisher statement:This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in Quarterly journal of experimental psychology on 02/03/2015, available online at:
Date accepted:06 January 2015
Date deposited:01 December 2016
Date of first online publication:02 March 2015
Date first made open access:No date available

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