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Hernando de Mendoça (1562–1617), General Acquaviva and the controversy over confession, counsel, and obedience.

Reinhardt, Nicole (2017) 'Hernando de Mendoça (1562–1617), General Acquaviva and the controversy over confession, counsel, and obedience.', Journal of Jesuit studies., 4 (2). pp. 209-229.


This article examines the clash between Superior General Claudio Acquaviva and the Spanish Jesuit Hernando de Mendoça, briefly confessor to the viceroy of Naples count of Lemos (1599–1601). It argues that Mendoça’s activities in Naples and the scandal that followed were an important influence on Acquaviva’s determination to formalize and push forward the regulations for princely confessors in 1602. It situates the confrontation within the context of the discontent amongst Spanish Jesuits, and their criticism of Acquaviva’s generalate. While Jesuit historiography has generally considered Mendoça’s case as an example of individual folly and disobedience, the essay elucidates the significance of his agency by taking into account his overlooked writings, which offer new insights into the controversy over the role of confession for just government within and without the Society of Jesus.

Item Type:Article
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Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.
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Publisher statement:This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons AttributionNoncommercial 4.0 Unported (CC-BY-NC 4.0) License.
Date accepted:25 October 2016
Date deposited:12 December 2016
Date of first online publication:10 March 2017
Date first made open access:17 March 2017

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