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Exploring Damped Lyα system host galaxies using gamma-ray bursts.

Toy, Vicki L. and Cucchiara, Antonino and Veilleux, Sylvain and Fumagalli, Michele and Rafelski, Marc and Rahmati, Alireza and Cenko, S. Bradley and Capone, John I. and Pasham, Dheeraj R. (2016) 'Exploring Damped Lyα system host galaxies using gamma-ray bursts.', Astrophysical journal., 832 (2). p. 175.

Abstract

We present a sample of 45 Damped Lyman-α system (DLA, \nhi\ ≥2×1020cm−2) counterparts (33 detections, 12 upper limits) which host gamma-ray bursts (GRB-DLAs) in order to investigate star-formation and metallicity within galaxies hosting DLAs. Our sample spans z∼2−6 and is nearly three times larger than any previously detected DLA counterparts survey based on quasar line-of-sight searches (QSO-DLAs). We report star formation rates (SFRs) from rest-frame UV photometry and SED modeling. We find that DLA counterpart SFRs are not correlated with either redshift or HI column density. Thanks to the combination of \hst\ and ground-based observations, we also investigate DLA host star-formation efficiency. Our GRB-DLA counterpart sample spans both higher efficiency and low efficiency star formation regions compared to the local Kennicutt-Schmidt relation, local star formation laws, and z∼3 cosmological simulations. We also compare the depletion times of our DLA hosts sample to other objects in the local Universe, our sample appears to deviate from the star formation efficiencies measured in local spiral and dwarf galaxies. Furthermore, we find similar efficiencies as local inner disks, SMC, and LBG outskirts. Finally, our enrichment time measurements show a spread of systems with under- and over-abundance of metals which may suggest that these systems had episodic star formation and a metal enrichment/depletion as a result of strong stellar feedback and/or metal inflow/outflow.

Item Type:Article
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/832/2/175
Publisher statement:© 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Date accepted:15 September 2016
Date deposited:19 December 2016
Date of first online publication:30 November 2016
Date first made open access:19 December 2016

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