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Resonant transfer of large momenta from finite-duration pulse sequences.

Fekete, J. and Chai, S. and Gardiner, S.A. and Andersen, M.F. (2017) 'Resonant transfer of large momenta from finite-duration pulse sequences.', Physical review A., 95 (3). 033601 .


We experimentally investigate the atom optics kicked particle at quantum resonance using finite duration kicks. Even though the underlying process is quantum interference, it can be well described by an ε -pseudoclassical model. The ε -pseudoclassical model agrees well with our experiments for a wide range of parameters. We investigate the parameters yielding maximal momentum transfer to the atoms and find that this occurs in the regime where neither the short pulse approximation nor the Bragg condition is valid. Nonetheless, the momentum transferred to the atoms can be predicted using a simple scaling law, which provides a powerful tool for choosing optimal experimental parameters. We demonstrate this in a measurement of the Talbot time (from which h / M can be deduced), in which we coherently split atomic wave functions into superpositions of momentum states that differ by 200 photon recoils. Our work may provide a convenient way to implement large momentum difference beam splitters in atom interferometers.

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Publisher statement:Reprinted with permission from the American Physical Society: Physical Review A 95, 033601 © (2017) by the American Physical Society. Readers may view, browse, and/or download material for temporary copying purposes only, provided these uses are for noncommercial personal purposes. Except as provided by law, this material may not be further reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, adapted, performed, displayed, published, or sold in whole or part, without prior written permission from the American Physical Society.
Date accepted:31 January 2017
Date deposited:17 March 2017
Date of first online publication:01 March 2017
Date first made open access:17 March 2017

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