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Narcissism and the strategic pursuit of short-term mating : universal links across 11 world regions of the International Sexuality Description Project-2.

Schmitt, David and Alcalay, Lidia and Allik, Jüri and Alves, I.C.B. and Anderson, Craig and Angelini, A.L. and Asendorpf, Jens and Austers, Ivars and Balaguer, Isabel and Baptista, Américo and Bender, Sóley and Bennett, Kevin and Bianchi, Gabriel and Birashk, Behrooz and Bleske, April and Boholst, Fredrick and Boothroyd, Lynda and Borg Cunen, Mary and Borja, Teresa and Bos, Arjan and Brainerd, Edwin and Brase, Gary and Brites, José and Burakova-Lorgnier, M. and Byrd, Mark and Camilleri, J.A. and Camperio Ciani, Andrea and Caral, Leo and Carnelley, Katherine and Carvalho, Marina and Casson, Janette and Castillo, Isabel and Castro, Alejandro and Casullo, Maria and Chirkov, Valery and Choi, Jean and Cohen, Danielle and Collin-Hansen, Cecilie and Commisso, Melissa and Consuegra, Elvira and Cordovez, Lorena and Corrêa Varella, Marco and Cukur, Cem and Cunningham, Michael and Curl, Layton and Daniel, Petra and Denissen, Jaap and Desmarais, Serge and DeSouza, Eros and Diaz, Rolando and Duynslaeger, Marijke and Elias, M. and Endriulaitiene, Aukse and Eremsoy, Ekin and Expósito, Francisca and Falzon, Ruth and Fernandez, Ana Maria and Fernando, Kumari and Ferreira, José and Fink, Bernhard and Fisher, Maryanne and Fitness, Julie and Flowers, Karissa and Frederick, David and Fry, Sirpa and Fukushima, Osamu and Gaines, Jr., Stanley and Galliher, Renee and Gandari, E. and Geher, Glenn and Gentile, Douglas and Geri, Jessica and Giri, V.N. and Giunta, Stephen and Golden, Deborah and Gordon, Kristina and Gordon, Fiona and Grammer, Karl and Grimaldi, Liria and Hajdú, Endre and Halberstadt, Jamin and Hald, Gert and Halim, Magdalena and Haque, Shamsul and Harlem, Siri and Hearns, Krystle and Heaven, Patrick and Helweg, Marie and Herrera, Eduardo and Herrera, Dora and Hertel, Janine and Hoffmann, Heather and Høgh, Henrik and Houle, Barbara and Hudek, Jasna and Jaafar, Jas and Kafetsios, Konstantinos and Kardum, Igor and Khoury, Brigitte and Kökény, Tibor and Koller, Silvia and Konrads, Solvina and Kraft, John and Kuhle, Barry and Kun, Agota and Lányi, Katalin and Lauri, Maryanne and Lavy, Shiri and Lawal, Olufemi and Legkauskas, Visvaldas and Li, Chen and Lloyd, Robert and Locke, Kenneth and Lombardo, Sylvie and Luksik, Ivan and Lythe, Brian and Lyubomirsky, Sonja and Malinen, Sanna and Martin, Heather and Mikulincer, Mario and Mills, Michael and Mordeno, Imelu and Moya, Miguel and Ndeya, C. and Nelissen, Mark and Neyer, Franz and Nyborg, Helmuth and Oliveira, V.B. and Opre, Adrian and Osman, Suzanne and Ottesen Kennair, Leif and Overwalle, Frank and Paulhus, Delroy and Pawlowski, Boguslaw and Penke, Lars and Peplau, Letitia and Petrovic, Nebojsa and Platek, Steven and Podobnik, Nuška and Polonyi, Tünde and Popper, Miroslav and Rowatt, Wade and Ruch, Willibald and Rukuni, Margaret and Rus, Velko and Sagarin, Brad and Sakaguchi, Kikue and Salas, Sonia and Sandnabba, N. and Santtila, Pekka and Schachner, Dory and Schmidt, Monika and Schütz, Astrid and Shackelford, Todd and Shaver, Phillip and Sibisi, Lindiwe and Sichona, Francis and Simonetti, Franco and Sineshaw, Tilahun and Souma, Toshihiko and Stefanovic Stanojevic, Tatjana and Sukiennik, Irmina and Sümer, Nebi and Szeghy, Petra and Szente, Sara and Szlendak, Tomasz and Tefera, Daniel and Thoma, Niki and Tifferet, Sigal and Tkach, Chris and Tordai, Zita and Tranthan, Eleanor and Tsaousis, Ioannis and Tungaraza, F.S.K. and van Empelen, Pepijn and Vanwesenbeeck, Ine and Vera, Pablo and Voracek, Martin and Vorontsov, Dmitry and Wan, Wendy and Weiss, Petr and Welsh, Deborah and Widyatmoko, Siswa and Woertman, Liesbeth and Wood, Eileen and Woodward, Lucinda and Ye, Hai and Youn, Gahyun and Zupančič, Agata (2017) 'Narcissism and the strategic pursuit of short-term mating : universal links across 11 world regions of the International Sexuality Description Project-2.', Psychological topics., 26 (1). pp. 89-137.


Previous studies have documented links between sub-clinical narcissism and the active pursuit of short-term mating strategies (e.g., unrestricted sociosexuality, marital infidelity, mate poaching). Nearly all of these investigations have relied solely on samples from Western cultures. In the current study, responses from a cross-cultural survey of 30,470 people across 53 nations spanning 11 world regions (North America, Central/South America, Northern Europe, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Middle East, Africa, Oceania, Southeast Asia, and East Asia) were used to evaluate whether narcissism (as measured by the Narcissistic Personality Inventory; NPI) was universally associated with short-term mating. Results revealed narcissism scores (including two broad factors and seven traditional facets as measured by the NPI) were functionally equivalent across cultures, reliably associating with key sexual outcomes (e.g., more active pursuit of short-term mating, intimate partner violence, and sexual aggression) and sex-related personality traits (e.g., higher extraversion and openness to experience). Whereas some features of personality (e.g., subjective well-being) were universally associated with socially adaptive facets of Narcissism (e.g., self-sufficiency), most indicators of short-term mating (e.g., unrestricted sociosexuality and marital infidelity) were universally associated with the socially maladaptive facets of narcissism (e.g., exploitativeness). Discussion addresses limitations of these cross-culturally universal findings and presents suggestions for future research into revealing the precise psychological features of narcissism that facilitate the strategic pursuit of short-term mating.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Date accepted:01 May 2017
Date deposited:19 May 2017
Date of first online publication:09 May 2017
Date first made open access:19 May 2017

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